• History • Pasir Salak • Pasir Salak
Historical Complex •
According to legend, the Prince of Merong Mahapudisa founded Perak. The
first governments were in Bruas and Manjung in the 15th century. The
present sultanate was established in 1528 and traces its origins to
Sultan Muzaffar Shah the oldest son of the last Sultan of Melaka.
Because of its rich tin deposits it faced constant threats. The state
was ravaged by the Achinese in the 16th century.
The Dutch tried to establish a monopoly over Perak’s tin trade but
without success. In the 18th century the Bugis in the South and the
Thais in the North threatened Perak. The state was saved from Thai
domination with British assistance in the 1820’s.
The growing importance of tin led to the influx of Chinese miners. In
the 1870s, the state was undergoing a succession dispute and also a war
between the Chinese tin miners. The British intervened in 1874,
appointing James W. W Birch as the first British Resident. Constant
opposition from the Perak’s Chiefs resulted in the assassination of the
first British Resident and a brief war followed. In 1896 Perak became
one the four Malay states forming the Federated Malay States.
A place steeped in history, is the village where Perak's first British
Resident J.W.W. Birch was assassinated and the seed of Malay nationalism
sowed. It is possible to visit the actual spot where Birch was killed as
well as visit the places connected to the historical figures featured in
the assassination and the ensuing war between the British and the
Salak Historical Complex
Well known for its Malay architecture and craft, here stands the
memorial dedicated to the first British resident in Perak, J. W. W.
Birch who was slain by the late Maharaja Lela Dato Sagor and Si Puntun.
A time tunnel of sorts to relive history. There are also two ’Kulai
House’ (Perak traditional house) displaying various local historical and
Malay cultural artifacts.
Other than its history, Pasir Salak offers an array of outdoor
activities such as a cruise or a river safari on the Perak River, jet
skiing, canoeing, fishing, cycling and even a bit of bird watching. The
main feathered attraction at Pasir Salak is the Indian Hornbill.