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Malaysia ~ The Monarch


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Daulat Tuanku



 

Undoubtedly, the Malaysian monarchy is a unique system as it is the only country where its King is elected every five years. Here the King or the ‘Yang Di Pertauan Agong’ is elected every five years unlike the traditional system where the Monarch ascends the throne through lineage and remains until his abdication or death.

Malaysia has Seven States are headed by Sultans (Kedah, Selangor, Kelantan, Johor, Perak, Pahang and Terengganu), one by a Raja (Perlis) and another by Yang Di-Pertuan Besar (Negeri Sembilan). Of these nine hereditary Malay rulers, each takes turn to rule for five years as king.

 

This system was the innovation of the country’s first Prime Minister, Tunku Abdul Rahman and was the result of the historical situation in Malaya.

Istallation of the first King of MalaysiaIt evolved from the combination of the British ruled Straits Settlements (Penang, Malacca and Singapore), the British North Borneo States of Sabah and Sarawak with the Malay States in the formation of an independent Malaysia.

Tunku Abdul Rahman found it difficult to decide which of the nine Malay Rulers Sultans should be King since each of them was entitled to the throne. In the end to protect the position and prestige of the Malay rulers, he decided on a system where each Sultan would be King for a term of at least five years and the King would be called the “Yang Di Pertuan Agong”, or Supreme Ruler.


The office of the King is not hereditary but is for a fixed term of five years and on a rotational system among the Rulers. It provides that for the purposes of the appointment of the King, the order of precedence among the nine Rulers (based on the length of time the Rulers had reigned in their States) at the time of Independence,
be followed.


The position of the King is that of a constitutional Monarch and plays an important constitutional role in the country. He does not have absolute powers except certain powers conferred by Parliament on him under Federal Laws provided in the Federal Constitution. Except for a few matters where he is allowed to use his discretion, he can only act on the advice of the Prime Minister.

 

Istana Negara - Kings Palace in Kuala Lumpur

 

Amongst his titles, in the Judiciary, he is the fountain of Justice, he is also the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces and is the Supreme Head of
Islam in the country.
 



RELATED LINKS

The King

Details of the present King HRH Yang DiPertuan Agung Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin Ibni Al-Marhum Tuanku Syed Putra Jamalullail

Past Kings

Pictures and brief details on the past Yang DiPertuan Agong's or Kings of Malaysia.

The Royal Regalia

The nations most precious jewels. The full regalia is worn by the King, Yang DiPertuan Agong during specific ceremonies
 



Preferred Link

www.malaysianmonarchy.org.my
For detailed information on the monarchy of Malaysia


 

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