with its glorious past, is undoubtedly the wealthiest when it comes to
history. Facing the Straits of Malacca, it is a place of intriguing
Chinese streets, antique shops, old temples and reminders of European
colonial powers. The historical melting-pot of cultures and races – Malay,
Chinese, Chittys, the Baba, and Nyonya and the Portuguese, has very much
influenced the cultural designs of homes and buildings in Melaka city, its
Melaka was founded in 1396 by an exiled Sumatran prince named Parameswara.
According to legend, Parameswara, was out hunting one day and while
resting under a tree, one of his dogs cornered a
and in defense, the mouse-deer kicked the dog smartly on its nose.
Impressed by the mouse-deer’s courage and what he believed was a good
omen, he decided to build his empire on this sacred land and named it
after the tree he was sitting under, which was the Melaka tree.
He was also the first Malay prince to become a Muslim and inevitably,
Islam became the official religion. In 1405 Admiral Cheng Ho, the “three
jeweled eunuch prince” arrived in Melaka bearing gifts from the Ming
Emperor, and the promise of protection. In the mid 15th century the Ming
Emperors daughter arrived to wed the Sultan of Melaka to seal diplomatic
relations and settled with her entourage here. By the end of the 15th
century, Melaka grew to become a powerful trading empire and successfully
repulsed Siamese attacks.
1511,Alfonso D’ Albuquerque took the city for the Portuguese. In 1641 the
city passed into Dutch hands after a siege lasting 8 months. In 1795, the
French occupied Holland, so the British, allies of the Dutch, temporarily
took over the administration of the Dutch colonies. In 1824, Melaka was
ceded to the British in exchange for the Sumatran port of Bencoolen, (Bengkulu
today). From 1826 onwards Melaka was ruled by the English East-India
Company together with Singapore and Penang under the Straits Settlement
Tampin, a town 30 km north of Malacca town, is the nearest train station
that serves Malacca. There were railway tracks from Tampin to Malacca
before World War II but was dismantled by the Japanese during the war for
the construction of the infamous Burmese Death Railway. It was never
Malacca has a bus station, Melaka Central which has air-conditioned
waiting areas and separate areas for buses plying the town routes and for
buses plying to other places in Malaysia and to Singapore. Batu Berendam
Airport in Batu Berendam mainly serves chartered flights from around the
The Ayer Keroh exit at the North-South highway is the main entry to
Malacca. There are two additional exits along the North-South highway,
namely the Alor Gajah and Jasin exits.
Full Name - Melaka (Malacca)
Land Area - 1,638 sq. metres
Head of State - Yang DiPertua Negeri or Governor.
Capital - Melaka Town
Weather - A year-round equatorial climate which is warm and sunny, along
with plentiful rainfall, especially during the southwest monsoon from
April to September.
Population - 800,000
People - 48% Malays, 42% Chinese (including the Peranakan community),
10% Indians (including the Chitty people: a sizeable minority) and
Kristang (people with partial Portuguese ancestry)
Head of State - Yang di-Pertua Negeri (Governor) - Mohd Khalil
Major products/ Industries - Tourism and manufacturing such as for
products ranging from food and consumer products, through high-tech
weaponry and automotive components to electronic and computer parts.
Historical melting-pot of
cultures and races Malay, Chinese, Chittys, the Baba, Nyonya and the
Bullock Cart Ride - Cuisine - Souvenirs & Crafts - Trishaw Ride -
Air Keroh lies about 15 km
east of Melaka Town, a tourist complex with,
Ayer Keroh Recreational Forests - Melaka Zoo - Crocodile Farm -
Butterfly Farm - Museum of Aborigines - Mini Malaysia - Mini Asean -
Ayer Keroh Lake
of Melaka & Melaka Town
The town centre is relatively small and is easily accessible by foot.
There are many houses of worship, museums and landmarks to visit
Sights and Visits I /
Sights and Visits II /
Sights and Visits III /
Sights and Visits IV
Mausoleum - Hang Tuah's Well - Melaka's Traditional House - Jasin
Museum - Alor Gajah Museum - Tun Teja's Mousoleum - Gadek Hot springs
- British Graveyard - Cape Rachado - Dutch Fort - Auyin Hill Resort -
A' Famosa Water World
Pulau Besar / Pulau Upeh