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Malaysia ~ Government


• About Malaysia • FAQ  • States of Malaysia • The Monarchy • The Government • History • People • Culture • Weather •
 
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The Government of Malaysia is one of Constitutional monarchy and Parliamentary democracy.

The Parliament of Malaysia is the national legislature of Malaysia, based on the English Westminster system of Parliament. It consists of the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives or literally People's Hall, in Malay) and the Dewan Negara (National Hall in Malay; commonly referred to as the Senate).
 

The Parliament House

 

Members of the Dewan Rakyat are known as members of Parliament (MPs) while members of the Dewan Negara are called senators.


A general election is held every four or five years to elect representatives to the Dewan Rakyat; members of the Dewan Negara, like those of the House of Lords in the United Kingdom, are appointed. Members of Parliament are commonly referred to as MPs.


Malaysia is a confederation of 13 states plus the Federal capital of Kuala Lumpur and the Federal district of Labuan. Nine of the peninsular states have Sultans and every five years an election is held by the royalties to determine, on a rotation basis, which one will become the 'Yang DiPertuan Agong', or “King” of Malaysia.

The states of Sabah and Sarawak in east Malaysia are slightly different since they were separate colonies, not parts of Malaya, prior to Independence.  They retain a greater degree of local administrative autonomy than the peninsular states. 

Politics of Malaysia takes place in a framework of a federal parliamentary monarchy, whereby the Prime Minister of Malaysia is the head of government, and of a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Federal legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of parliament, the Senate (Dewan Negara) and the House of Representatives (Dewan Rakyat). Since independence, politics has been dominated by the Barisan Nasional (National Front) coalition led by the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO).
The political system is a federal one, with each state having its own legislature, but power is concentrated in the national government. General elections are held every five years. The Barisan National, which is a coalition of various political parties with the main party being UMNO, continues to rule the government.

 The prent Prime Minister Datuk Ahmad Badawi addresses the Pariament
 

Malaysia's predominant political party, the United Malays National Organization (UMNO), has held power in coalition with other parties since Malaya's independence. This coalition called Barisan Nasional is composed of 14 parties which includes the three prominent members — the UMNO, MCA (Malaysian Chinese Association) and MIC (Malaysian Indian Congress). The Prime Minister of Malaysia has always been from UMNO.

The political process in Malaysia has generally been described as taking the form of "consociationalism" whereby "communal interests are resolved in the framework of a grand coalition"

This however is slowly changing, as government policies have grown increasingly racist with minority interests being sidelined. The recent elections having denied the ruling coalition of its two thirds majority have shown the people dissatisfaction with increasing abuse of power and corrupting and a drift away from communal and racial politics.


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